Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood sugar is more than the normal level. Blood Sugar, also called Blood Glucose is the body’s main source of energy and comes from the food we eat. World Diabetes Day is marked to increase awareness about the disease. It was started in the year 1991 by International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and World Health Organization (WHO).
World Diabetes Day is marked on November 14 every year in response to a threat posed by the disease. With millions of people diabetic it has become important to raise awareness among general public about Diabetes and its effects.
Commonly, there are two forms of Diabetes
While both of these happen due to irregular formation of insulin, symptoms and treatment may differ to large. Patients with Type 1 Diabetes experience symptoms like extreme hunger, frequent urination, and unusual weight loss. Diabetes symptoms in Type 2 patients could be any of the type 1 symptoms and additional problems like blurred vision, cuts & bruises that are slow to heal, numbness in feet or hands.
Knowing about a disease and its symptoms can often prevent you from getting it. A person who knows about diabetes is more likely to adopt better lifestyle habits. Such habits may prevent them from catching the disease. Diabetes may prove to be fatal for patients who have COVID-19, so it is better to stay safe from both.
Type 1 Diabetes is generally controllable with very less medication. Proper medication and some luck can also help patients get off the hook and become non-diabetic again. People who do not have diabetes should take their other medications regularly and stay healthy.
Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels can help diagnose diabetes early. It can also help delay the onset of it as doctors often use the prediction chart to suggest proper medication. Blood Glucose Tests have become more affordable. Many of the available tests can be conducted at home with just a drop of blood. Such results give out results in minutes and are often very useful in case of emergencies and early detection.
A body that functions well is a body that stays well. Diabetes may be prevented with regular exercise. Studies suggest giving 30 minutes daily for exercise is enough to help your body stay fit. Regular exercise leads to proper release of insulin that may prevent Type 1 Diabetes. It can also help body better manage the hormone, thus decreasing the chance of Type 2 Diabetes.
Modern lifestyle has forced us to eat unhealthy. From fast food to high sugar items, we unknowingly consume too much of the ‘bad food’. Adopting healthy food habits will help you stay fit and keep your body healthy. Green leafy vegetables and reducing fast food can be a good start.
According to IDF, more than 430 million people are currently living with diabetes. China has the largest number of diabetic patients followed by India. Most patients in India are still not aware about their condition and are often diagnosed once they reach a health care provider to get relief for some other ailment. Poorly managed diabetic condition can lead to severe symptoms and hence must be avoided. Good self-management and health professional support can easily help you stay better and lead a normal life.