World Cancer Day 2021: What You Need To Know
February 4, 2021 | By - Neelam Motwani

World Cancer Day 2021: What You Need To Know

World Cancer Day is an internationally recognised day marked on 4 February. The day is marked to raise awareness about cancer while encouraging and educating people about its prevention, treatment, and detection. The day is led by UICC (Union for International Cancer Control) to support the goals of the World Cancer Declaration, which was written in 2008. 

The World Cancer Day is considered as an opportunity to rally the community and end injustice against those suffering from cancer. World Cancer Day is observed by the United Nations and targets misinformation to reduce the stigma surrounding the subject of matter. There are multiple initiatives on World Cancer Day that help in implementing support to those who are or were affected by cancer.

History of World Cancer Day

World Cancer Day was first established on 4 February 2000 at the World Cancer Summit Against Cancer for the New Millenium. The summit was held in Paris. The Charter of Paris Against Cancer included an article highlighting the anniversary of documents, officially signed as World Cancer Day by the General Director of UNESCO, Kōichirō Matsuura and French President Jacques Chirac in 2009.

Themes of World Cancer Day 

This year World Cancer Day will be celebrated under the theme ‘I am and I will’. UICC will be giving voice to the researchers, doctors, nurses, advocates, volunteers, and other caregivers who worked through the COVID-19 pandemic in the past 12 months. The theme was also marked in the year 2019 and 2020. 

#IAmAndIWill

This year, World Cancer Day will recognise the commitment to action that will lead to powerful progress in the declining global impact of cancer. The commitment will help in celebrating CANCER-FREE world, one day. 

World Cancer Day is a campaign that is built to resonate, inspire change in the society, and take actions for the rest of the year.

The year 2016-2018 marked World Cancer Day under the theme ‘We can. I can’. 

Other themes are as follows: 

  • 2015- Not Beyond Us
  • 2014- Debunk the Myths
  • 2013- Cancer Myths – Get the Facts
  • 2012- Together let’s do something
  • 2010-2011- Cancer can be prevented

5 Facts About Cancer

Cancer, a single word with a deadly stance has changed millions of lives around the world. For better, for worst, they both are two sides of a single coin. Let’s check out some of the facts about cancer

  1. About 16% of people die from cancer. In 2015, 8.8 million people died from this disease which accumulated to 1 in 6 global deaths. 
  2. About 70% of all deaths from cancer occur in low and middle-income countries. A reality check of how health impacts the growth of the entire nation. 
  3. In 2018, 5 most common types of cancer found in men include lung, liver, stomach, colorectal, and prostate cancers. 
  4. In 2018, 5 most common types of cancer found in women include breast, lung, colorectal, cervical, and stomach cancer.
  5. WHO confirmed that between 30 to 50% of cancers are preventable. Tobacco use is known to be the single largest preventable cause of cancer globally. Tobacco is also responsible for over 22% of cancer-related deaths in the world.

What causes Cancer? 

Cancer is brought about by changes (mutations) to the DNA inside cells. The DNA inside a cell is packaged into an enormous number of individual qualities, every one of which contains a bunch of directions mentioning the cell which functions to perform, just as how to develop and separate. Mistakes in the guidelines can make the cell stop its typical capacity and may permit a cell to get cancerous.

Risk factors

Here is a rundown some normal danger factor which exceptionally builds your opportunity of getting cancer: 

  • Smoking – Cigarette smoke contains many poisonous synthetics. Of those synthetics, around 70 can cause cancer. Smoking just as being presented to recycled smoke builds your danger of cancer.
  • Weight – Extra fat tissue produces abundance measures of estrogen and different chemicals that may animate cell development and multiplication (the more regularly cells partition, the more chances cancer needs to create). Corpulence may likewise cause persistent irritation, which after some time can damage DNA and is something that causes cancer.
  • Age – One-fourth of new cancer cases are analyzed in individuals between age 65 and 74, as indicated by the National Cancer Institute. Getting old exceptionally expands your opportunity of getting cancer.
  • A stationary way of life – Spending additional time sitting for work or recreation exceptionally expands your opportunity of getting cancer when contrasted with other people who have dynamic existences.
  • Liquor – Limit your liquor admission. One unit for ladies, two for men: that is the prescribed day by day limit if you decide to drink liquor. The more liquor you devour, the higher your danger of building up specific cancers: explicitly that of the head and neck, throat, liver, and breast.
  • Hereditary – If your mom, father, or kin were determined to have any type of cancer then it’s an indication that it could be brought about by an unusual quality that you may have acquired. Generally speaking, acquired mutations bring about simply around 5 to 10 percent, all things considered.

Conclusion

As the theme suggests, it is time to act. Amid COVID-19 pandemic, significant attention is finally received in the healthcare industry. Defeating cancer and preventing major symptoms can lead to a better living on this planet. SO why not start it today. Keep reading AlShorts to get the latest health updates and bulletins around the globe.

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