The festival of Gurupurab or Guru Nanak Jayanti is one of the most cherished days observed in the Sikh community to worship beliefs of Sikhism. Devotees celebrate the festival to commemorate the birth anniversary of the first of ten Sikh Gurus, Guru Nanak Dev Ji. The Sikha believe that Guru Nanak Jayanti brought enlightenment to the world.
The festival is also referred to as ‘Prakash Utsav’, which means “birth of light” and the Gurupurab varies from year to year in accordance with the traditional lunar calendar. Meanwhile, leaders are extending their warm wishes on the day, including Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, legendary cricketer Sachin Tendulkar, and more. Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s profound teachings and preachings have enlightened the world. This year in 2020, according to the Gregorian calendar, it falls on 30th November 2020.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born on 15 April 1469 at Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, near Lahore, which is modern-day Sheikhpura district of Pakistan. A Gurdwara was constructed on his birthplace and the city is also recognised as Nankana Sahib residing in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Guru Nanak Dev Ji is regarded as a spiritual teacher, who founded Sikhism in the 15th century and started writing the Guru Granth Sahib while writing 974 hymns.
The principal verses from Guru Granth Sahib embellish that the creator of the universe was one and also disseminate selfless assistance to humanity, success, and social equity for all irrespective of any demographic variations. The concept of messengers and reincarnation is forbidden in Sikhism. Guru Nanak Dev Ji left the family for 30 years in 1496 on a spiritual journey to spread his teachings.
The founder of Sikhism is ‘Guru Nanak’ and the day is celebrated on ‘Kartik Poornima’, which is the 15th lunar day in the month of Karthik as per Hindu calendar. The day sometimes falls in October or November as per Georgian calendar, and the festival is generally similar for all Sikhs – only the hymns are different. The celebrations commence with Prabhat Pheris, early morning processions that begin at Gurudwaras and move forward around localities singing hymns.
Nagar Kirtan procession is organised two days before the birthday and Panj Pyaras (five beloveds) lead the procession and head it by carrying the Sikh flag known as Nishan Sahib and the Palki (Palanquin) of Guru Granth Sahib. They are supported by teams of singers singing chants and followers sing the choir. Moreover, the celebration begins as early as 3 am during Amrit Vela or the auspicious period between 3 to 6 am. The morning prayers, Katha, and Kirtan were recited in praise of Guru Nanak.
There are also brass orchestras performing diverse songs and ‘Gatka’ teams present their swordsmanship through several martial arts while using traditional weapons. Additionally, the joyous festival and procession pass through streets decorated with flags and flowers with leaders spreading the message of Guru Nanak.
Gurudwaras organise langar, a special community lunch where everyone irrespective of caste, creed, or class is offered food (prasad). This signifies selfless service towards people – a big part of Sikhism. However, 2020 celebrations will be low-key due to Coronavirus pandemic and this cannot restrict you from enjoying the day.
There is but one God. True To His Name, creative His personality and immortal his fam. He is without fear, unborn, and self-illumined. By the Guru’s grace, he is obtained.
People can never have faith in themselves if they lack faith in God.
What should the yogi have to fear? There are things like trees, plants, and including things that lie inside oneself.
Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s teaching suggests sharing things bestowed by God rather than holding it like a treasurer. Wealth expands when people wish to share.
The year may be difficult to live, but celebrations and festivals can make it easy to survive. Celebrate every festival with safety and security while don’t forget to wear your mask, maintain social distancing, and adhere to other standard operating protocols set by the government. And if you want to stay updated with all the latest procedures and information on Coronavirus then switch to short news in 30 seconds – AlShorts.